Recent, pre-COVID-19 tragic events resulted in serious nontraumatic injuries/deaths of student-athletes playing for National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) programs (e.g., the University of Oregon, the University of Maryland, the University of Houston). Most of this kind of incidents took place during off-season and/or during football conditioning programs. …


Mental Toughness Key Dimension #8

by Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Synopsis

  • MT can buffer the deleterious effects of adversity while on pursuit of goals
  • The more we understand what adversity is, the better we can prepare for it
  • The characteristics of major life events are valence, challenge predictability, external control, extraordinariness, impact…

Mental Toughness Key Dimension #7

by Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Synopsis

  • Generalized self-efficacy is a belief in your abilities to achieve success in your achievement context
  • Beliefs in personal efficacy affect choices, motivation, functioning, facing adversity and susceptibility to stress and depression.
  • People’s beliefs in their efficacy are developed by four main…

Mental Toughness Key Dimension #6

by Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Synopsis

  • Context knowledge is defined as an awareness and understanding of the performance context, and how to apply this knowledge in achieving success or reaching one’s goals.
  • Context knowledge and success mindset are related but separate.
  • Context knowledge = “the will” +…

Mental Toughness Key Dimension #5

by Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Synopsis

  • Success Mindset is the desire to achieve success and the ability to act upon this motive.
  • Hope is associated with higher performance.
  • Hope = agency (goal-directed determination; the “will”) + pathways (planning of ways to meet goals; the “ways”).
  • Agency is…

Mental Toughness Key Dimension #4

by Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Synopsis

  • Buoyancy is the ability to effectively execute the required skills and processes in response to the challenges and pressures of everyday life
  • Buoyancy is “everyday resilience”
  • Buoyancy is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for resilience
  • The more minor adversities…

Mental Toughness Key Dimension #3
by Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Synopsis

  • Attention regulation is the ability to focus on what is relevant while minimizing the intrusion of irrelevant information
  • Attention regulation is crucial in terms of willpower and optimal functioning and performance
  • Attention regulation is linked to task motivation
  • The depletion…

Mental Toughness Key Dimension #2

by Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Synopsis

Self-regulation of affective states is related to overall life satisfaction, human social interaction, and global happiness

Affect: Discriminating between bad and good

Emotion is not mood or stress

Sometimes, emotions can and should be regulated

Emotional response process: Situation -> Attention -> Appraisal -> Response

Four goals of emotion regulation: 1) Decrease negative, 2) Increase positive, 3) Decrease positive, or 4) Increase negative emotions.

Five strategies to develop a flexible and skillful emotional response: 1) Situation selection, 2) Situation modification, 3) Attentional deployment, 4) Cognitive change, and 5) Response modulation.

Have your ever thrown the ball toward the bleachers when you were angry at your coach?

Have you imagined there’s nobody in the gym when you’re about to shoot that critical free throw?

Have you ever anticipated going to do yoga…


Mental Toughness Key Dimension #1

by Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Synopsis:

  1. Mental toughness is “a personal capacity to produce consistently high levels of subjective (e.g., personal goals or strivings) or objective performance (e.g., sales, race time, GPA) despite everyday challenges and stressors as well as significant adversities.”
  2. Mental toughness is a…

by Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Synopsis:

  • Mental toughness is a very popular positive psychological resource.
  • Mental toughness has to do with initiating and maintaining goal-directed behavior despite adversity.
  • Mental toughness has been investigated in a variety of environments: classroom, workplace, the military, sports etc.
  • On average, mentally tougher individuals tend to…

Andreas Stamatis, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, SUNY Plattsburgh. Mental Toughness specialist

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